AN AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT LEGACY UNREALISED BY FIVE PRESIDENTS, 19662014

Sediono M.P Tjondronegoro

Abstract

The founding fathers of the Indonesian Republic, Soekarno and Moh. Hatta, who
became first President and Vice President respectively, designated the agricultural
sector as the major factor contributing to Indonesias economic growth. Prof Anne
Booths research findings during the Green Revolution in the mid-1970s also indicate
the importance of the agricultural sector. Food self-sufficiency in the country was
achieved in 1985, when Indonesia was close to its take-off stage.
However, subsequent developments after the New Order period indicated a gradual shift
of policy guide lines from Peoples Welfare to Export-driven Growth and Increasing
Foreign investment. Five Presidents since Sukarno have neglected the urgency of
agrarian reform in Indonesia.
Keywords: Agriculture, Food policy, Land use, Population

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