Sediono M.P Tjondronegoro


The founding fathers of the Indonesian Republic, Soekarno and Moh. Hatta, who
became first President and Vice President respectively, designated the agricultural
sector as the major factor contributing to Indonesia’s economic growth. Prof Anne
Booth’s research findings during the Green Revolution in the mid-1970s also indicate
the importance of the agricultural sector. Food self-sufficiency in the country was
achieved in 1985, when Indonesia was close to its “take-off” stage.
However, subsequent developments after the New Order period indicated a gradual shift
of policy guide lines from People’s Welfare to Export-driven Growth and Increasing
Foreign investment. Five Presidents since Sukarno have neglected the urgency of
agrarian reform in Indonesia.
Keywords: Agriculture, Food policy, Land use, Population

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