FEMALE LEADERSHIP AND DEMOCRATIZATION IN LOCAL POLITICS SINCE 2005: TREND, PROSPECT, AND REFLECTION IN INDONESIA

Kurniawati Hastuti Dewi

Abstract

Analisis dan refleksi mengenai perkembangan demokratisasi di Indonesia pasca-Orde
Baru (setelah lengsernya Suharto sejak Mei 1998) dapat ditinjau dari perkembangan
demokratisasi di tingkat lokal. Kebijakan desentralisasi baru, khususnya mengenai
mekanisme pemilihan kepala daerah secara langsung (pemilukada langsung) sejak
tahun 2005, merupakan salah satu rangkaian demokratisasi di tingkat lokal. Tulisan
ini menganalisis demokratisasi di tingkat lokal, khususnya melihat dampak pemilukada
langsung terhadap peran politik dan kepemimpinan perempuan. menganalisis tata
cara pemilihan kepala daerah sesuai ketentuan UU No. 32/2004 dan data jumlah kandidat perempuan yang mencalonkan diri dalam pemilukada langsung sejak tahun 2005
memberikan gambaran tren, karakteristik, dan prospek kepemimpinan perempuan
yang muncul di tingkat lokal. Analisis terhadap tren dan karakteristik kepemimpinan perempuan di tingkat lokal sebagai dampak positif demokratisasi di Indonesia
merefleksikan pemahaman baru tentang peran agama (khususnya Islam), gender, dan
hubungan kekerabatan (familial ties) sebagai faktor penting yang ditemukan dibalik
fenomena politik tersebut.
Keywords: pemilukada, kepemimpinan perempuan, demokratisasi

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