PEREMPUAN PAPUA DAN PELUANG POLITIK DI ERA OTSUS PAPUA

Muridan Satrio Widjojo

Abstract

This paper discusses the condition and the dynamics of Papuan womenspolitical
participationin the reformation and democratization era. Traditionally, women are
positioned as subordinate of men.This paperargues that there are increasing opportunities for womens participation in the decision making process. Based on Papuan historical experiences, the traditionalsocial construction has been enriched by education
and modern bureaucracy introduced by the churches, the Dutch colonial government
and the Indonesian government. In some cases, the rise of Papuan womens political
participation is facilitated by family. Since the late 1980s civil society movement,
the establishment of a number of NGOs has grown significantly and provided more
opportunities for women activists. Women empowerment by this group is not only
driven by individual motivation but also supportedby family condition and the new
political context. Significant progress of position and roles as well as the new political
space for women has been translatedinto the new creation of women seat within the
structure of Papuan People Assembly (MRP). This is seen as a milestone in the history
of women movement in Papua. Considering the strategic role and position of women
specifically in MRP and in Papuan political dynamic, women leaders in Papuaare
expected to contribute more toward conflict resolution.
Keywords: papuan women, women empowerment, women movement, MRP

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