ETHNIC IDENTITY AND LAND UTILIZATION: A CASE STUDY IN RIAU, INDONESIA

Joan Hardjono

Abstract

This article looks at the economic and social position of first- and second- generation
transmigrants of Javanese origin in the northwestern part of the Province of Riau,
Sumatra, in the aftermath of the 1997/98 monetary crisis. The article is based on the
findings of a study undertaken by the author in 2001 in the context of the International
Labour Organization's InFocus Programme on Socio-Economic Security called
Indonesia: Improving Security After the Crises. Data were collected in two villages
in a transmigration settlement near Pasir Pangarayan, Riau, where several thousand
transmigrant families had been resettled during the 1980s.
Keywords: Ethnic identity, Transmigrants, Land use, Labour, Palm oil, Riau

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References

Books

Hardjono, J. 1977. Transmigration in Indonesia. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford

University Press.

World Bank. 1988. Indonesia: the Transmigration Program in Perspective.

Washington, D.C.: World Bank Country Study.

Articles

Booth, A. 1999. Survey of Recent Developments. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic

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Hardjono, J. 1986. Transmigration: Looking to the Future.Bulletin of Indonesian

Economic Studies. Vol. 22, no. 2: 28-53.

Hardjono, J. 1988. The Indonesian Transmigration Program in Historical

Perspective. International Migration. Vol. 26, no. 4: 427-439.

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