IN SEARCH OF NEW OPPORTUNITIES: THE INDONESIANISASI OF ECONOMIC LIFE IN YOGYAKARTA IN THE 1950s

Bambang Purwanto

Abstract

A flourishing study on Indonesias economic history in the last two decades has still
been unable to change a general impression of limited role of the indigenous people
in economic activities during modern times. The transformation of the Indonesian
economy from a colonial economy to a national economy through the process of
Indonesianisasi, went through different historical patterns. The independent Indonesia
did not translate the idea of political nationalism directly into economic prosperity
until the late 1950s. As a result, there is always only a small portion of independent
entrepreneurs among the population, namely those who are supposed to run the public
economy smoothly without political intervention. This paper provides theoretical
considerations and historical facts on the process of Indonesianisasi. It discusses the
economic life of people in Yogyakarta, the capital city Republic of Indonesia during
the war of independence, soon after the recognition of Indonesias independence in
December 1949.
Keywords: Indonesianisasi, Colonial period, Foreign domination, Yogyakarta

Full Text:

PDF

References

Books

Booth, Anne. 1998. The Indonesian Economy in the Nineteenth and Twentieth

Centuries. A History of Missed Opportunities. London: Macmillan.

Castles, Lance. 1967. Religion, Politics and Economic Behaviour in Java: The Kudus

Cigarette Industry. New Haven, CN: Yale University Southeast Asian Studies

Cultural Report Series.

Darban, A. Adaby. 2000. Sejarah Kauman Menguak Identitas Kampung

Muhammadiyah. Yogyakarta: Terawang.

Dick, Howard et al. 2002. The Emergence of A National Economy. An Economic

History of Indonesia, 1800-2000. Crows Nest, NSW: Allen & Unwin.

Gunawan, Ryadi & Harnoko, Darto . 1994. Sejarah Sosial Daerah. Daerah

Istimewa Yogyakarta. Mobilitas Sosial D.I. Yogyakarta Periode Awal Abad

XX-an. Jakarta: IDSN.

Hadinoto, Soejono, 1949. Ekonomi Indonesia; Dari Ekonomi Kolonial ke Ekonomi

Nasional. Jakarta: Jajasan Pembangunan.

Houben, Vincent J.H. 1994. Kraton and Kumpeni: Surakarta and Yogyakarta 1830-

Leiden: KITLV Press.

Lindblad, J.Thomas (editor). 1993. New Challanges in the Modern Economic History

of Indonesia. Leiden: Programme of Indonesian Studies.

-----. (editor). 1996. Historical Foundations of a National Economy in Indonesia,

s-1990s. Amsterdam: North-Holland.

-----. 2008. Bridges to New Business. The Economic Decolonization of Indonesia.

Leiden: KITLV Press.

Nakamura, Mitsuo. 1993. The Crescent Arises over the Banyan Tree. Yogyakarta:

Gadjah Mada University Press.

Soemardjan, Selo. 1962. Social Change in Jogjakarta. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University

Press.

Surjomihardjo, Abdurrachman. 2000. Sejarah Perkembangan Sosial Kota Yogyakarta.

Yogyakarta: Yayasan untuk lndonesia.

Sutter, John O. 1959. Indonesianisasi. Politics in a Changing Economy, 1940-1955.

Ithaca, NY: Southeast Asia Program Cornell University.

Thee Kian Wie. 2003. Recollections; The Indonesian Economy, 1950s-1990s.

Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies.

Articles

Dobbin, Christine. 1994. Accounting for the Failure of the Muslim Javanese Business

Class: Examples from Ponorogo and Tulungagung (c. 1880-1940). Archipel.

Vol. 48: 87-101.

Glassburner, Bruce. 1971. Economic Policy-Making in Indonesia, 1950-1957. In:

Bruce Glassburner (editor), The Economy of Indonesia. Selected Readings.

Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press: 70-98.

Hudiyanto, R. Reza. 1997. Perkembangan Pemukiman Masyarakat Eropa di Kota

Yogyakarta (1917-1936). BA thesis, Yogyakarta: Department of History

Gadjah Mada University.

Kwartanada, Didi. 1997. Kolaborasi dan Resinifikasi: Komunitas Cina Kota

Yogyakarta Pada Jaman Jepang 1942-1945. BA thesis, Yogyakarta: Jurusan

Sejarah Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Mackie, J.A.C.. 1971. The Indonesian Economy, 1950-1963. In: Bruce Glassburner

(editor), The Economy of Indonesia. Selected Readings. Ithaca, NY: Cornell

University Press: 16-69.

Mook, H.J. van. 1958, Kuta Gede Before the Reorganization. In: Brand, W. et al.

(editors), The Indonesian Town. Studies in Urban Sociology, The Hague: Van Hoeve.

Purwanto, Bambang. 1991. Krisis di Awal Kebangkitan. Pengguntingan Uang pada

Masa RIS 1950. In: Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Seminar

Sejarah Nasional IV. Sub Tema Dinamika Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Bangsa

Indonesia. (Jakarta: IDSN): 297-308.

------. 2005. Conflict and Coexistence: Multicultural Images of Urban Yogyakarta

in the First Half of Twentieth Century. Urban Culture Research. Vol.2.

Yogyakarta: Faculty of Cultural Sciences UGM: 27-38

Purwanto, Bambang & Mutiah Amini. 2003. Violence in a Sacred City: Kotagede

of Yogyakarta in the Early Revolution. Paper presented to the conference on

Changing Regimes and Shifting Loyalties: Identity and Violence in the Early

Revolution of Nederlands Instituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie, Amsterdam,

-27 June.

Santosa, Gandung. 2001. Kerajinan Tenun di Moyudan Kabupaten Sleman 1950-

. Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta: Jurusan Sejarah Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Sulistyorini, Rita. 1993. Pabrik Cambric GKBI Medari: Krisis dan Dampaknya

(1962-1987). BA thesis, Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta: Jurusan Sejarah Universitas

Gadjah Mada.

Suminarsih. 1999. Industri Rokok Kretek di Keresidenan Kediri pada Masa Depresi

Ekonomi 1930-an. BA thesis, Yogyakarta: Jurusan Sejarah Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Government Reports

Kementerian Penerangan. Republik Indonesia. Daerah Istimewa Jogjakarta. Jakarta:

Panitya Peringatan 10 Tahun Kotapradja Jogjakarta, 1957. Dasa-Warsa Kotapradja

Jogjakarta 7 Djuni 1947 7 Djuni 1957. Yogyakarta.

Copyright (c) 2017 Masyarakat Indonesia

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.