REKONSTRUKSI IDENTITAS ETNIK: SEJARAH SOSIAL POLITIK ORANG PAKPAK DI SUMATERA UTARA 1958 - 2003

Budi Agustono

Abstract

This dissertation aims to analyze the history of the Pakpak people who have
been marginalized politically, economically and culturally in the midst of
Toba Batak domination since their settlement in Pakpak between the early
20th to early 21st centuries. The result of the research indicates that power may
not only defne and revitalize identity, but it is also capable of constructing
identity. The reconstruction of ethnic identity may occur because in addition
to the existing defnition of ethnicity, customary laws and tradition, there is
an opportunity for the Pakpak elite to use their power to manipulate ethnic
sentiment.


Keywords: identity, power, Pakpak, and North Sumatera

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