Peta Konflik dan Konflik Kekerasan di Minangkabau Sumatera Barat

Zaiyardam Zubir, Nurul Azizah Zayzda

Abstract

The democratic transition from the New Order Regime towards the Reform Era was followed by a series of ethnic and religious conflicts in several regions. These conflicts appeared not only at the grassroots but also at the politicians and governments levels. This article explains the map, the causes and the forms of the conflicts within the Minangkabau, society in West Sumatra. Minangkabau society is one of the ethnic groups in Indonesia that consists of two regions (darek-rantau), with a matrilineal system known as orthodox Moslems that believes to the prophecy Adat Bersendi Syarak, Syarak Bersendi Kitabullah. This article analyses the question of why during the Reform era the numbers of conflict in West Sumatra increased with high intensity. If the Paderi War history with its conflicts and violence aspects are inherent within the Minangkabau society, is there any mechanism within the local wisdom to solce these conflicts?

Key Words : the mapping of conflict, causes and effects of conflict, physical violence, Minangkabau ethnic group, West Sumatra

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Laporan

Laporan Tahunan Komnas HAM Perwakilan Provinsi Sumatera Barat tahun 2006, 2007, 2008 (Hal.61)

Laporan Kawil Depkeh dan HAM Provinsi Sumatera Barat tahun 2006 (hal .66)

Surat kabar

Haluan

Singgalang, Sabtu 20 Desember 2009 (hal 63), 2 Januari 2003 (hal. 68)

Padang Ekspres, 10 Desember 2008

Post Metro Padang

Media Indonesia

Mimbar Minang, Senin 29 Desember 2003 (hal. 63)

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